[17] Banyan originally meant ‘Hindu trader’. It is an arabization of Gujarati vāniyān ‘traders’, which comes ultimately from Sanskrit vanija ‘merchant’ (the Portuguese version, banian, produced an alternative English spelling). When European travellers first visited Bandar Abbas, a port on the Persian Gulf, they found there a pagoda which the banyans had built in the shade of a large Indian fig tree. They immediately applied the name banyan to this particular tree, and the term later widened to include all such trees.

The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins. 2013.

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  • Banyan — Ban yan (b[a^]n yan or b[a^]n*y[a^]n ), n. [See {Banian}.] (Bot.) A tree of the same genus as the common fig, and called the Indian fig ({Ficus Indica}), whose branches send shoots to the ground, which take root and become additional trunks,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • banyan — Indian fig tree, 1630s, so called in reference to a tree on the Iranian coast of the Persian Gulf under which the Hindu merchants known as banians had built a pagoda. From Skt. vanija merchant …   Etymology dictionary

  • banyan — (also banian) ► NOUN ▪ an Indian fig tree, whose branches produce aerial roots which later become new trunks. ORIGIN originally applied by Europeans to a tree under which traders had built a pagoda: from Gujarati, trader …   English terms dictionary

  • banyan — [ban′yən] n. [so called in allusion to such a tree on the S Iranian coast at the E end of the Persian Gulf, under which the banians (see BANIAN2) had built a pagoda] a widespread, tropical fig tree (Ficus benghalensis) that is native to India:… …   English World dictionary

  • Banyan — Taxobox name = Banyan image width = 240px image caption = Illustration of Ficus benghalensis regnum = Plantae divisio = Magnoliophyta classis = Magnoliopsida ordo = Urticales familia = Moraceae genus = Ficus subgenus = (Urostigma) subgenus… …   Wikipedia

  • banyan — bengalinis fikusas statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Šilkmedinių šeimos dekoratyvinis, medieninis, pluoštinis, vaistinis augalas (Ficus benghalensis), paplitęs atogrąžų Azijoje. Turi narkotinių medžiagų. Naudojamas induizmo religinių apeigų… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • banyan — /ban yeuhn/, n. 1. Also called banyan tree. an East Indian fig tree, Ficus benghalensis, of the mulberry family, having branches that send out adventitious roots to the ground and sometimes cause the tree to spread over a wide area. 2. Also,… …   Universalium

  • banyan — Banian Ban ian (b[a^]n yan or b[a^]n*y[a^]n ; 277), n. [Skr. banij merchant. The tree was so named by the English, because used as a market place by the merchants.] 1. A Hindu trader, merchant, cashier, or money changer. [Written also {banyan}.]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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